If you’re a coffee lover then you’re probably familiar with lots of different types of coffee.
If you’re a new coffee-lover then there’s plenty to learn here at Roastezy. Whether you’re a latte, cappuccino, macchiato, americano, flat white, mocha, or espresso fan, there’s an option for everyone.
Here’s a quick question for you. Even if you know how to order your favourite drink at the coffee shop, how much do you know about the coffee beans behind the flavours you love?
Most of us know very little when it comes to types of coffee. That’s fine but it’s all about to change. In this post, we’re going to take a look at the different kinds of coffee beans that go into our favourite cups of coffee.
Different Types of Coffee Beans
There are several different species of coffee produced throughout the world. However, the two most common species are Arabica and Robusta.
Arabica Coffee Beans
Arabica is the most common species of coffee bean produced and enjoyed throughout the world. In fact, Arabica beans account for around 60% of global coffee bean production.
Arabica beans are so popular because they’re considered to be one of the highest quality beans available.
Arabica coffee beans are known for their pleasant taste and favourable acidity levels. The beans often produce a sweet flavour profile with notes of chocolate and caramel.
- 100% Arabica coffee beans.
- Beautiful crema and a well-balanced medium caffeine content.
- Nutty and chocolatey tones.
Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta beans come in second place in terms of global production. They make up approximately 30-40% of the world’s coffee bean production.
Robusta beans have a harsher taste to that of Arabica and a much higher caffeine content.
The beans are easier to produce as their high caffeine content makes them less susceptible to attacks from insects. In turn, this makes them a cheaper option to grow.
Robusta coffee beans are often popular with people who enjoy stronger tasting coffee. The flavour profile is often considered to provide a nutty aftertaste.
- 100% Robusta beans provide extreme strength.
- Full-bodied and a strong tasting with a fine crema.
- Low acidity.
Liberica Coffee Beans
Liberica beans are much rarer than the likes of Arabica and Robusta. In fact, Liberica beans only account for around 2% of the world’s coffee bean production.
Grown in the Philippines, Liberica beans were commonplace for a short period in the 1890s. This was due to over 90% of the world’s Arabica beans being destroyed by coffee rust.
At the time, the Philippines was part of United States territory. This made Liberica beans the obvious replacement. However, once the Philippines claimed independence, the United States ceased all trade and returned to Arabica production.
Liberica beans are often found to have irregular shapes and are much larger than other common coffee beans. The flavour profile is often referred to as woody and smoky.
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Excelsa Coffee Beans
In recent times, Excelsa coffee beans have been grouped as a type of Liberica bean.
This is likely due to similarities in the shape of the beans as well as the fact that both Excelsa and Liberica grow on tall trees in similar altitudes. Nevertheless, Excelsa is still considered to be a separate species of coffee bean by many people.
Grown predominantly in Southeast Asia, Excelsa beans make up around 7% of the world’s coffee bean production.
The Excelsa beans are often used as an added extra to coffee blends. This is because they add a dark, fruity flavour that creates a more well-rounded profile.